Oligosoma levidensum

Slight skink

Oligosoma levidensum
(Chapple et al., 2008)

Slight skink (Te Paki, Northland). <a href="https://www.instagram.com/tim.harker.nz/">© Tim Harker</a>
Image attribution
Slight skink (Te Paki, Northland). © Tim Harker
Herpetofaunal category
NZ Skinks
Species complex
Conservation Status
Threatened - Nationally Endangered
Previous scientific names
Cyclodina aenea
Common names
Slight skink

Length: SVL up to 51mm, with the tail being shorter than the body length

Weight: unknown


This iconic little species is New Zealand’s smallest skink. It bears a striking resemblance to the closely related copper skink (Oligosoma aeneum), but is significantly smaller, and restricted to the northern regions of the Aupouri Peninsula. As with the copper skink, this species is brown with occasional cream/white and black flecking, it has a copper dorsolateral stripe bordered by black on the lower edge running from the neck to the base of the tail, as well as black and white denticulate patterns on the upper and lower jaw. Lower surfaces range from white through to yellow, with orange patches towards the vent and tail, there can be black flecking on the throat.

In general, the slight skink is considered to be geographically isolated from the copper skink (Oligosoma aeneum), however, in regions where it may overlap (e.g. the southern Aupouri peninsula) it can be distinguished by its slighter build, smaller size, and lower mid-body scale counts. It co-occurs with the ornate skink (Oligosoma ornatum) but is unlikely to be confused with it due to its much smaller size and lack of the distinctive teardrop marking on the lower jaw.

Life Expectancy

Largely unknown, but as with most of Aotearoa's small endemic skinks it is likely that their life expectancy is around 10-20 years in the wild.


Confined to the northern Aupouri Peninsula and some of its offshore islands (e.g. Motuopao), where it occurs from the coastline right through to the highest peaks (310m asl).

Ecology and Habitat

A highly cryptic species, with fossorial (burrowing) habits. On the mainland, it tends to occur in association with mature forests, and other suitably damp habitats, whereas on islands it tends to be associated with dense flaxlands. Known to utilise the burrows of invertebrates, but may also dig its own in suitably friable soils.

Social Structure

The slight skink is solitary in nature, but may be found in small to large groups under suitably large refugia.

Breeding Biology

Likely to be ovoviviparous. It is assumed that it has a similar reproductive output to the closely related copper skink (Oligosoma aeneum) e.g. Up to 4 live young born January-March.


As with other native skinks this species is likely to be omnivorous feeding on small invertebrates found in leaf litter, as well as small fruits.


The diseases and parasites of Aotearoa's reptile fauna have been left largely undocumented, and as such, it is hard to give a clear determination of the full spectrum of these for many species.

The slight skink, as with many of our other Oligosoma species, is likely to be a host for at least one species of endoparasitic nematodes in the Skrjabinodon genus (Skrjabinodon poicilandri), as well as at least one strain of Salmonella. Similarly, as with most ex-Cyclodina skinks they are unlikely to harbour large numbers of ectoparasitic mites in the wild. 

Conservation strategy

Listed in the most recent threat classification as 'Threatened - Nationally Endangered', due to their relatively small range, preferred habitat, and the low number of reported sightings. The major threats for this species come in the form of predation by mammalian pests (rats, mice, hedgehogs, possums, and feral cats), degradation of suitable habitat by pigs, and the clearance of forest/scrub.
The only secure population occurs on Mutuopao Island, although little is known about the health of that population.

Interesting notes

The specific name 'levidensum' is a reference to their slight build, and small reduced legs, deriving from the latin word 'levis' - slight.

The slight skink, along with its sister taxa (Hardy's skink) sit within clade 3 (the copper skink complex) of the Oligosoma genus, with the copper skink being their closest relative within the group.


Chapple, D. G., Daugherty, C. H., & Ritchie, P. A. (2008). Comparative phylogeography reveals pre-decline population structure of New Zealand Cyclodina (Reptilia: Scincidae) species. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society95(2), 388-408.

Chapple, D. G., Patterson, G. B., Bell, T., & Daugherty, C. H. (2008). Taxonomic revision of the New Zealand copper skink (Cyclodina aenea: Squamata: Scincidae) species complex, with descriptions of two new species. Journal of Herpetology42(3), 437-452.

Chapple, D. G., Ritchie, P. A., & Daugherty, C. H. (2009). Origin, diversification, and systematics of the New Zealand skink fauna (Reptilia: Scincidae). Molecular phylogenetics and evolution52(2), 470-487.

Hitchmough, R., Barr, B., Knox, C., Lettink, M., Monks, J. M., Patterson, G. B., Reardon, J. T., van Winkel, D., Rolfe, J., & Michel, P. (2021). Conservation status of New Zealand reptiles, 2021New Zealand threat classification series 35. Wellington: New Zealand Department of Conversation.

McCallum, J. (1981). Reptiles of the North Cape region, New Zealand. Tane, 27, 152-157.

Parrish, G. R., & Anderson, P. J. (1999). Lizard transfers from Matapia Island to Motuopao Island, Northland and observations on other fauna. Tane37, 1-14.

Parrish, G. R., & Pierce, R. J. (1993). Reptiles of Motuopao Island, Northland, New Zealand. Tane, 34, 53-58.

Towns, D. R. (1999). Cyclodina spp. skink recovery plan 1999–2004: Threatened species recovery plan 27. Wellington: Department of Conservation.

van Winkel, D., Baling, M., & Hitchmough, R. (2018). Reptiles and Amphibians of New Zealand: A Field Guide. Auckland University Press, pp 376.